Australian Christian Church Histories

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Ballarat VIC - St Paul's Anglican


State: Victoria
Denomination: Anglican

Humffray South Street Bakery Hill Ballarat

GPS: -37.563154,143.865573 


History and Architecture:

St Paul’s is closely associated with the early Ballarat goldfields and mining at Bakery Hill. It features a plain exterior that hides an unusual internal structural timber post and truss system, extensive and intact 1860s stencilled decoration, and a magnificent and very early stained glass window.

The church is a red brick Victorian Transitional Decorated and Perpendicular Gothic Revival church constructed in 1864 to a design by Victorian architect Leonard Terry. It incorporates a number of elements from an earlier church on the site. These include the large square castellated tower, the Ferguson and Urie triple chancel window and internal timber members. The church comprises a gabled nave with gabled chancel and porch, a timber mezzanine gallery, square tower and a vestry, added in 1892.

The chancel window was created in 1862 by leading stained glass makers Ferguson and Urie. It

was removed and positioned in the chancel of the new church in 1864-65. This window is amongst the earliest surviving examples of ecclesiastical stained glass windows in Victoria. The window is a 14th century design, with grisaille pattern, the details taken from natural flowers and leaves.


The organ has an interesting history. In 1858, the church had a Seraphine and a Harmonium. A new pipe organ was in transit from England when the first Church collapsed in 1864. However, it was decided that the organ should be installed in the new church.

In 1865, the London-built J.W. Walker & Sons pipe organ was installed. The organ was originally built in 1864 by J.W. Walker of London and enlarged in 1892 by Fincham and Hobday, and rebuilt in 1957 by George Fincham and Sons. The instrument retains its original case, diapered (diamond patterned) façade, pipework and tonal scheme.



1858 - 1860 Rev. Cooper Searle
1860 - 1879 Rev. R.T. Cummins 
1879 - 1887 Rev. W. Kildah (Assistant Priest)
1887 - 1893 Rev. Canon G. McMurray M.A. 
1893 - 1895 Rev. A.J.H. Priest 
1895 - 1898 Rev. T.T. Short 
1898 - 1910 Archdeacon W.F. Tucker
1910 - 1916 Rev. Canon T.A. Colebrook 
1916 - 1920 Rev. Canon E.H. Davies 
1920 - 1930 Rev. H.F. Goss 
1930 - 1932 Rev. W. Clinch L.T. 
1932 - 1938 Rev. F.W. Ramsay 
1938 - 1940 Rev. Canon N.S. Fettel 
1940 - 1950 Rev. L. Burgess
1950 - 1950 Rev. G.E. Mutten
1958 - 1963 Rev. C.C. Cowling
1963 - 1973 Rev. Canon L. Langdon
1973 - 1993 Rev. R.G. Rowlands (Canon)
1993 Rev. E.R. Steele (Canon)
2000 Rev. R.D. Johnson

* The list may not contain all serving Clergy.


Ballarat VIC - St Paul's Anglican